Getting a passport is an important step for Indian citizens who wish to travel abroad. But who exactly issues passports in India, and what is the process?

This comprehensive guide will walk you through everything you need to know about the issuing authority of Indian passports.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: Passports in India are issued by the Ministry of External Affairs through various passport offices, passport Sewa Kendras, and Indian embassies and high commissions abroad.

Overview of Passport Issuing Authority in India

When it comes to issuing passports in India, the Ministry of External Affairs holds the sole authority.

The ministry is responsible for the formulation and implementation of passport policies, as well as the overall administration of passport services in the country.

It plays a crucial role in ensuring the smooth and efficient functioning of the passport issuance process.

Ministry of External Affairs is the sole authority

The Ministry of External Affairs, commonly referred to as the MEA, is the central authority responsible for issuing passports in India.

It is the apex body that oversees all matters related to passports, including the issuance, renewal, and cancellation of passports.

The MEA works in close collaboration with various regional passport offices and passport seva kendras across the country to ensure a streamlined process for passport applicants.

The MEA has established a robust online portal, the Passport Seva Portal, which allows individuals to apply for passports, schedule appointments, and track their application status.

This portal has greatly simplified the passport application process, making it more convenient and accessible for citizens.

Regional passport offices and passport seva kendras

Regional passport offices (RPOs) are spread across different cities in India and serve as the primary hubs for passport-related services.

These offices are responsible for processing passport applications, conducting verifications, and issuing passports to eligible individuals.

They also handle various other tasks, such as addressing grievances and providing assistance to applicants.

In addition to RPOs, there are also Passport Seva Kendras (PSKs) located in different cities and towns.

These kendras are extensions of RPOs and provide passport-related services to applicants in their respective regions.

PSKs offer facilities such as document verification, biometric enrollment, and photo capture, ensuring a comprehensive and efficient passport issuance process.

Indian embassies and high commissions abroad

Indian embassies and high commissions abroad also play a significant role in the passport issuance process.

They serve as an important point of contact for Indian citizens residing or traveling outside the country.

These diplomatic missions provide passport-related services, including issuing new passports, renewing existing ones, and addressing any passport-related queries or concerns.

It is advisable for Indian citizens living abroad to get in touch with their nearest Indian embassy or high commission for any passport-related assistance.

These diplomatic missions ensure that citizens abroad have access to the necessary services and support, maintaining a strong bond between the Indian government and its overseas citizens.

How to Apply for a Passport in India

Applying for a passport in India is a straightforward process that requires certain documents and following specific steps.

Here is a comprehensive guide on how to apply for a passport in India.

Documents required

Before applying for a passport, it is essential to have all the necessary documents in place.

The documents required may vary depending on the type of passport application, such as a new passport, renewal, or for minors.

The common documents required for a passport application in India include:

  • Proof of address (such as Aadhaar card, voter ID, or utility bills)
  • Proof of date of birth (such as birth certificate, school leaving certificate, or PAN card)
  • Identity proof (such as Aadhaar card, PAN card, or driving license)
  • Passport-sized photographs
  • Any additional documents as per the specific requirements

It is important to ensure that all the documents are valid and up to date before submitting the passport application.

Apply online or offline

Passport applications in India can be submitted online or offline, depending on the preference of the applicant. The online application process is convenient and time-saving.

For those who prefer the offline method, they can visit the nearest Passport Seva Kendra or Post Office Passport Seva Kendra.

They can collect the application form, fill it manually, and submit it along with the required documents.

The offline process may take slightly longer compared to the online method.

Track application status

After submitting the passport application, it is possible to track the status of the application online.

The Passport Seva portal provides an option to track the application by entering the application reference number and date of birth.

This allows applicants to stay updated on the progress of their passport application and estimated time for receiving the passport.

It is important to note that the processing time for a passport application may vary depending on various factors such as the number of applications received, verification procedures, and other administrative processes.

Applicants are advised to check the official website or contact the passport authorities for any specific queries or concerns regarding their application.

Processing Time and Fees for Indian Passports

When applying for a passport in India, it is important to understand the processing time and fees involved.

The time it takes to get a passport will depend on various factors such as the type of passport applied for and the mode of application.

Normal and Tatkal Passports

The normal passport application process in India can take anywhere between 30 to 45 days. This includes the time taken for verification of documents and background checks.

However, if you require your passport urgently, you can opt for the tatkal scheme.

Under the tatkal scheme, the processing time is significantly reduced. Tatkal passports are issued within 1 to 3 working days from the date of application.

It is important to note that the tatkal scheme comes with additional fees.

Passport Fees in India

The fees for passport applications in India vary depending on the type of passport and the age of the applicant. Here is a breakdown of the fees:

Type of Passport Fee
Regular Adult Passport (36 pages) INR 1,500
Regular Adult Passport (60 pages) INR 2,000
Minor Passport (36 pages) INR 1,000
Senior Citizen Passport (36 pages) INR 1,000

These fees are subject to change, so it is advisable to check the official website of the Passport Seva Kendra for the most up-to-date information.

Additional Fees for Services

In addition to the basic passport fees, there are certain services for which additional fees need to be paid. Some of these services include:

  • Expedited processing under the tatkal scheme
  • Issuance of a jumbo passport (60 pages)
  • Change of address within the same city
  • Change of address from one city to another

The fees for these additional services can be found on the official website of the Passport Seva Kendra.

It is important to plan ahead and factor in the processing time and fees when applying for a passport in India.

By understanding the requirements and costs involved, you can ensure a smooth and hassle-free application process.

Passport Application for Minors

Applying for a passport for minors in India requires certain documents and follows a specific process.

Whether you are applying for a passport for your newborn or for a minor through the Tatkaal scheme, it is important to be aware of the requirements and procedures involved.

Documents Needed

When applying for a passport for a minor, there are several documents that need to be submitted. These include:

  • Proof of Date of Birth: This can be in the form of a birth certificate issued by the Municipal Authority or any other authorized government authority.
  • Proof of Address: This can be in the form of a ration card, Aadhaar card, or any other government-issued document that shows the current residential address.
  • Proof of Parental Authorization: This can be in the form of a consent affidavit signed by both parents or legal guardians.
  • Passport-size Photographs: Recent colored photographs of the minor that meet the specifications set by the Passport Office.

It is important to note that the specific documents required may vary depending on the individual circumstances and the Passport Office’s guidelines.

It is recommended to check the official website of the Passport Office or consult with the authorities for the most up-to-date information.

Process for Newborn Passport

Obtaining a passport for a newborn involves a slightly different process than that for older children.

In addition to the documents mentioned above, the following steps need to be followed:

  1. Registering the Birth: It is necessary to register the birth of the child with the Municipal Authority or any other authorized government authority.
  2. Applying for the Passport: Once the birth is registered, the parents can apply for the passport by submitting the required documents along with the application form.
  3. Verification: The Passport Office may conduct a verification process to ensure the authenticity of the submitted documents. This can include home visits or interviews with the parents or guardians.
  4. Passport Issuance: Upon successful verification, the passport will be issued to the newborn.

It is important to complete the passport application process for a newborn within a reasonable timeframe, as the requirements and procedures may change over time.

Tatkaal Minor Passport

The Tatkaal scheme allows for expedited passport processing in case of emergencies or urgent travel requirements.

To apply for a Tatkaal minor passport, the following additional documents are required:

  • Verification Certificate: This needs to be obtained from a passport officer at the nearest Passport Office, who can verify the particulars mentioned in the application.
  • Proof of Urgency: It is essential to provide documentary evidence to support the urgency of the passport requirement, such as a confirmed flight ticket or a medical emergency certificate.
  • Additional Fees: The Tatkaal scheme involves additional fees for expedited processing. It is important to check the official website of the Passport Office for the current fee structure.

Applying for a Tatkaal minor passport can significantly reduce the processing time, but it is important to note that it is subject to the discretion of the Passport Office and may not be available in all cases.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is eligible for an Indian passport?

Indian passports are issued to Indian citizens by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India.

Any Indian citizen, regardless of age, is eligible to apply for a passport. This includes adults, minors, and even infants.

It is important to note that the issuance of a passport is subject to certain conditions and requirements set by the issuing authority.

How to apply for passport reissue or renewal?

If you already have a passport that has expired or is due to expire soon, you can apply for passport reissue or renewal.

The process for reissue or renewal is similar to the process of applying for a new passport.

You need to fill out the application form, provide the required documents, and pay the applicable fees.

Additionally, if there are any changes to be made in the passport, such as a change in name or address, you will need to submit supporting documents for the same.

What is an emigration check needed for?

An emigration check is a mandatory requirement for Indian passport holders who are traveling to certain countries for employment purposes.

The purpose of this check is to ensure that the individual is legally eligible to work in the foreign country and that they meet the necessary requirements set by the destination country.

The emigration check is conducted by the Protector General of Emigrants (PGE) and is applicable to those traveling to 18 countries listed under the Emigration Act, 1983.

How to get a passport for an adopted child?

Getting a passport for an adopted child follows a similar process as getting a passport for a biological child.

The adoptive parents need to provide the necessary documents, such as the adoption deed, court order, and the consent of both birth parents, if applicable.

The passport application for an adopted child may also require additional documents related to the adoption process.

It is advisable to consult the official website of the Passport Seva Kendra for detailed information and specific requirements.


Getting an Indian passport can seem like a complicated process, but thoroughly understanding the issuing authority and overall process can help make it straightforward.

The Ministry of External Affairs, through various passport offices and centers in India and Indian embassies abroad, is the sole authority for issuing passports.

Following the proper application process, submitting the required documents, and tracking your application at every stage can ensure you receive your passport in a timely manner.

With this guide covering all the key details, you should now feel equipped to successfully obtain your Indian passport.

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