Africa conjures up images of vast savannas, diverse wildlife, and welcoming people. But for some white tourists, safety concerns arise. With 54 countries across this vast continent, is Africa safe to visit?

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: Yes, Africa can be safe for white tourists if you do your research, exercise caution, and avoid risky situations. However, safety levels vary greatly by country and region.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll break down everything you need to know about safety for white tourists in Africa. We’ll compare different regions and countries, look at key risks and how to avoid them, provide tips from experienced travelers, share expert safety advice for first-timers, and more.

Let’s delve in and determine if and how you can stay safe while enjoying the immense beauty and cultures Africa has to offer.

Assessing Safety by African Region

When considering the safety of white tourists in Africa, it is important to assess the region in which they plan to travel. Africa is a vast and diverse continent, with each region offering unique experiences and varying levels of safety.

By understanding the safety conditions in different parts of Africa, tourists can make informed decisions and have a memorable trip.

North Africa

North Africa, which includes countries such as Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria, is generally considered safe for tourists. These countries have well-developed tourism industries and have implemented security measures to ensure the safety of visitors.

Popular tourist destinations like Marrakech, Cairo, and Tunis are known for their historical sites, vibrant culture, and warm hospitality.

West Africa

West Africa has a diverse range of countries, including Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, and Ivory Coast. While some countries in this region may face security challenges, others are relatively safe for tourists.

Ghana, for example, has been praised for its peaceful democracy and welcoming attitude towards travelers. It is always advisable to check the latest travel advisories and consult with local authorities or tour operators before visiting any specific country in West Africa.

East Africa

East Africa is home to popular tourist destinations such as Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. These countries offer breathtaking natural beauty, including the Serengeti National Park, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the iconic Maasai Mara.

While there have been security concerns in some parts of this region, tourist hotspots are generally safe, and visitors can enjoy wildlife safaris, cultural experiences, and stunning landscapes.

Central Africa

Central Africa, including countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, and Cameroon, has faced political instability and conflict in recent years. Due to these security challenges, it is generally recommended for tourists to exercise caution and avoid non-essential travel to certain areas within this region.

However, there are still safe and beautiful destinations to visit, such as Gabon’s pristine rainforests or Congo’s breathtaking Virunga National Park.

Southern Africa

Southern Africa is often considered one of the safest regions for tourists in Africa. Countries like South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia offer a wide range of attractions, from stunning landscapes to diverse wildlife.

South Africa, in particular, has a well-established tourism industry and has hosted major international events such as the FIFA World Cup. However, it is important to remain vigilant and take necessary precautions, especially in urban areas where petty crime can occur.

Top Safety Tips for White Tourists

Be savvy and discreet with valuables

When traveling to Africa, white tourists should always be mindful of their valuable belongings. It is recommended to keep them out of sight and avoid flashy displays of wealth. Pickpocketing and theft can occur in crowded areas, so it’s important to be vigilant.

A money belt or a concealed pouch can be a great investment to keep your cash, passport, and other important documents safe. Remember, it’s better to be safe than sorry!

Only use reputable tour companies and guides

When exploring Africa, it is essential to choose reputable tour companies and guides. Look for companies with positive reviews and a track record of providing safe and enjoyable experiences. Reputable tour companies often have knowledgeable guides who can offer valuable insights and ensure your safety throughout your journey.

Do thorough research and read reviews before booking any tours or excursions.

Check travel advisories before booking

Prior to planning your trip, it is crucial to check travel advisories provided by your government or international organizations. These advisories will give you important information about the safety of specific regions or countries in Africa.

Stay informed about any political unrest, security concerns, or health risks that may affect your travel plans. By staying updated, you can make informed decisions and ensure a safe and enjoyable trip.

Learn key phrases in the local language

Learning a few key phrases in the local language can go a long way in enhancing your safety and overall travel experience. It shows respect for the local culture and can help you communicate better with locals.

Simple phrases like “hello,” “thank you,” and “excuse me” can make a significant difference in building positive connections with people you encounter during your trip.

Avoid isolated areas and being alone at night

While Africa offers breathtaking landscapes and vibrant cities, it’s important to exercise caution and avoid isolated areas, especially at night. Stick to well-lit and busy areas where there are other people around.

If you’re unsure about a particular location, it’s always better to err on the side of caution and seek advice from locals or your tour guide. Remember, safety should be your top priority.

Research local scams to avoid being a target

Scammers can be found in any tourist destination, and Africa is no exception. It’s crucial to research common scams in the region you plan to visit to avoid falling victim to them. Be cautious of individuals offering unsolicited help or overly friendly strangers asking for money.

By being aware of these scams, you can better protect yourself and your belongings.

For more detailed information on safety tips, you can visit reputable travel websites such as Lonely Planet or World Nomads.

Top Safer African Destinations for Beginners


If you are a beginner traveler looking for a safe and culturally rich destination in Africa, Morocco is an excellent choice. With its vibrant markets, stunning architecture, and warm hospitality, Morocco offers a unique experience for tourists.

The country has made significant efforts to enhance security measures in tourist areas, ensuring the safety of visitors. From exploring the bustling streets of Marrakech to wandering through the ancient medina of Fez, Morocco offers a diverse range of experiences for every traveler.

South Africa

South Africa is another popular destination for first-time visitors to Africa. Known for its stunning landscapes, diverse wildlife, and vibrant cities, South Africa offers something for everyone. While it is important to exercise caution, especially in urban areas, South Africa has a well-established tourism industry and strict security measures in place to ensure the safety of tourists.

From the iconic Table Mountain in Cape Town to the world-renowned Kruger National Park, South Africa is a destination that will leave you in awe.


If you dream of embarking on a safari adventure, Botswana is a top choice. With its vast wilderness areas and abundant wildlife, Botswana offers a unique and unforgettable experience for nature lovers.

The country has a low crime rate and is known for its commitment to conservation and sustainability. From exploring the Okavango Delta to encountering elephants in Chobe National Park, Botswana offers a truly immersive safari experience.


Namibia, with its breathtaking landscapes and rich cultural heritage, is a safe and welcoming destination for beginners. The country is known for its stunning deserts, towering sand dunes, and diverse wildlife.

Whether you are exploring the iconic Sossusvlei, visiting the Himba people, or embarking on a thrilling game drive in Etosha National Park, Namibia offers a unique and awe-inspiring experience.


Tanzania, home to the iconic Mount Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti National Park, is a must-visit destination for adventure seekers. While it is important to take necessary precautions, Tanzania is generally considered safe for tourists.

The country offers a range of experiences, from witnessing the Great Wildebeest Migration to exploring the stunning beaches of Zanzibar. Tanzania is a destination that promises both excitement and natural beauty.


Kenya, known for its abundant wildlife and breathtaking landscapes, is a popular choice for first-time visitors to Africa. With its well-established tourism infrastructure and strict security measures, Kenya offers a safe and rewarding travel experience.

From going on a safari in the Maasai Mara to visiting the vibrant capital city of Nairobi, Kenya has something for every traveler.


Rwanda, often referred to as the “Land of a Thousand Hills,” is a hidden gem in East Africa. Despite its troubled past, Rwanda has emerged as a safe and welcoming destination for tourists. The country is known for its gorilla trekking experiences in Volcanoes National Park, where visitors can get up close and personal with these magnificent creatures.

Additionally, Rwanda offers opportunities for cultural immersion, with its vibrant markets and friendly locals.

What Are the Biggest Safety Risks?

When it comes to visiting Africa as a white tourist, it’s natural to have concerns about safety. However, it’s important to remember that Africa is a vast continent with diverse countries and regions, each with its own unique safety challenges.

While it would be unfair to generalize the entire continent, there are some common safety risks that tourists should be aware of.

Petty theft and pickpocketing

Just like in any popular tourist destination worldwide, petty theft and pickpocketing can occur in Africa. Tourists should exercise caution in crowded areas, especially in bustling markets and public transportation.

It’s advisable to keep valuables secure and be aware of your surroundings at all times. Additionally, using anti-theft bags or money belts can provide an extra layer of protection.

Civil unrest and terrorism

While most African countries are peaceful and welcoming, there are regions that have experienced civil unrest and sporadic incidents of terrorism. It’s crucial for tourists to stay informed about the current political situation in the country they plan to visit.

Checking travel advisories from reliable sources such as the U.S. Department of State or the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office can provide up-to-date information and guidance.

Kidnapping and violent crime

While kidnapping and violent crime are relatively rare occurrences in Africa, they can still happen in certain areas. It’s advisable to avoid traveling alone at night and to stick to well-populated and tourist-friendly areas.

Researching the safety reputation of your destination and using reputable tour operators can also help mitigate the risk.

Health issues like malaria

Malaria is a prevalent health concern in many parts of Africa, especially in tropical regions. It’s essential for tourists to take necessary preventive measures, such as taking antimalarial medication and using mosquito repellent.

Consulting with a healthcare professional before traveling is highly recommended, as they can provide specific advice based on your destination and personal health.

Road accidents

Road accidents are a significant safety risk in some African countries, primarily due to inadequate infrastructure, reckless driving, and poorly maintained vehicles. It’s important for tourists to exercise caution when using public transportation or renting a vehicle.

Opting for reputable transportation services and wearing seat belts can help reduce the risk of accidents.

Remember, being aware of the potential safety risks and taking necessary precautions can go a long way in ensuring a safe and enjoyable trip to Africa. As with any travel destination, it’s always a good idea to stay informed, use common sense, and be respectful of local customs and laws.

Essential Health and Travel Precautions

Get necessary vaccinations

Before traveling to Africa, it is essential for white tourists to get necessary vaccinations to protect themselves from potential health risks. Diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, and typhoid are prevalent in certain regions of Africa, so it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional or visit a travel clinic to determine which vaccinations are required or recommended for the specific areas you plan to visit.

Keeping up to date with routine vaccinations, such as measles, mumps, and rubella, is also important.

Purchase comprehensive travel insurance

When traveling to any foreign country, including Africa, it is always wise to purchase comprehensive travel insurance. This will provide coverage for medical emergencies, trip cancellations or interruptions, lost baggage, and other unforeseen circumstances.

Be sure to carefully review the policy to ensure it covers your specific needs and activities during your trip.

Pack proper medications and first aid supplies

In addition to vaccinations, it is important to pack any necessary medications and first aid supplies for your trip to Africa. This may include antimalarial medication, diarrhea medication, insect repellent, sunscreen, and basic first aid supplies.

It is also advisable to carry a copy of any prescriptions you may require during your trip.

Exercise caution with food and water

One of the common concerns for travelers to Africa is the safety of food and water. While it is generally safe to eat at reputable restaurants and hotels, it is important to exercise caution when consuming street food or drinking tap water.

It is recommended to drink bottled or boiled water and to avoid consuming raw or undercooked food. Being mindful of these precautions can greatly reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses.

Check for travel advisories and warnings

Prior to traveling to Africa, it is crucial to check for any travel advisories or warnings issued by your government. These advisories provide important information about the safety and security of specific countries or regions.

It is recommended to register with your country’s embassy or consulate in the destination country, so they can contact you in case of emergencies.


While certain regions or countries may pose greater risks, Africa can be an incredibly safe continent for white tourists who prepare properly. Doing thorough research, following travel expert advice, avoiding risky situations, and taking health precautions allows you to experience Africa’s magic while minimizing safety concerns.

With its abundant natural beauty, vibrant cities, and awe-inspiring wildlife, Africa offers unforgettable adventures. Don’t let safety fears deter you from this incredible destination. Take the right precautions so you can immerse yourself safely in all that Africa has to offer.

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